Skip to main content

Case details

Friedland (Appellant) v Hickox (Respondent) (Anguilla)

Case ID: JCPC 2019/0081

Jurisdiction: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Case summary


The proper construction of a settlement agreement and two awards issued by a mediator in the settlement of a dispute.


On 5 March 1981, an entity headed by Mr Friedland acquired a lease with the intention of developing the property into the Cap Juluca luxury resort (the "Cap Juluca Property"). On 14 October 1986, the shares in that vehicle were sold to an entity controlled by Mr Hickox. A dispute arose concerning the payment for those shares, which was settled on 6 May 1996 (the "Settlement Agreement").

A further dispute arose concerning payments due under the Settlement Agreement. On 12 November 1997, the mediator of this dispute issued an award (the "Final Award"). On 20 July 1998, the mediator issued a further award (the "Amplification Award") to clarify the Final Award. In May 2012, Mr Hickox exercised his powers under charges registered against leasehold title to the Cap Juluca Property to sell that title. Mr Friedland alleges that this sale was in breach of the Settlement Agreement, the Final Award and the Amplification Award. He seeks damages for breach of contract.

In a trial of preliminary issues, the High Court (Anguilla Circuit) ruled in favour of Mr Hickox, holding that he had been free to enforce the charges. Mr Friedland appealed to the Court of Appeal of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court. The appeal was dismissed. Mr Friedland now appeals to Her Majesty in Council.








Lord Lloyd-Jones, Lord Briggs, Lord Arden, Lord Burrows, Lord Stephens.

Hearing start date

17 Nov 2020

Hearing finish date

18 Nov 2020

Watch hearing
17 Nov 2020 Afternoon session
18 Nov 2020 Afternoon session

Judgment details

Judgment date

1 Feb 2021

Neutral citation

[2021] UKPC 3